Several studies have confirmed the efficacy of flywheel paradigm training for improving or benefiting muscle volume and force. A meta-analysis of 13 studies with a total of 18 effect sizes was performed to analyse the role of various factors on the effectiveness of flywheel paradigm training. The following inclusion criteria were employed for the analysis: a) randomized studies; b) high validity and reliability instruments; c) published in a high quality peer-reviewed journal; d) healthy participants; e) studies where the eccentric programme were described; and f) studies where increases in muscle volume and force were measured before and after training. Increases in muscle volume and force were noted through the use of flywheel systems during short periods of training. The increase in muscle mass appears was not influenced by the existence of eccentric overload during the exercise. The increase in force was significantly higher with the existence of eccentric overload during the exercise. The responses identified in this analysis are essential and should be considered by strength and conditioning professionals with regard to the most appropriate dose response trends for flywheel paradigm systems to optimize the increase in muscle volume and force.
Key words: Flywheel paradigm, force, strength, eccentric overload, meta-analysis